Chocolate: Universal Product of Pleasure, Love and Friendship Chocolate transcends all the barriers of age, gender, race, color, religion, language and nationality. Show a person who does not enjoy eating chocolates. It’s in true sense a boundaryless entity.
- First chocolate house opened in London in 1657.
- Physician and collector Hans Sloane developed milk chocolate drink in Jamaica in 1689, which was later sold to Cadbury brothers.
- In 1700, mechanical mills were used to squeeze out cocoa butter that was used to make hard durable chocolate.
- The modern process of making chocolates was developed after the industrial revolution.
- New machines were manufactured and the product chocolate was sold throughout the world as a much liked product.
- Cocoa is produced from cacao trees.
- Trees grow the pods containing in it the cocoa beans.
- Once the pods are fully ripe, they are harvested by cutting them from the trees.
- Beans are removed from the pods.
- Beans are placed in bins to ferment which gives them the famous chocolate taste.
- The beans are then quickly dried.
- Beans are transported to chocolate manufacturing site.
- Beans are cleaned, roasted and graded.
- Shells are removed to extract the nib.
- Nibs are now ground that releases and melts the cocoa butter producing chocolate liquor.
- Chocolate liquor is processed to give cocoa solids and cocoa butter which are used to make chocolates by mixing milk powder or condensed milk and sugar.
Production of Cocoa Beans
- Around 70% of world’s cocoa is produced in Western Africa.
- Around 50 million people in the world are employed around the production of cocoa.
- Three most dominant chocolate makers are: Barry Callebaut, Cargill and Archer Danilels Midland Company.
Types of Chocolates
- Dark chocolate.
- Milk chocolate.
- White chocolate.
Caution for Storing Chocolates
- Chocolates are sensitive to heat and moisture.
- Therefore, take care to store the chocolates.
- Keep them in refrigerator.
- Ideal temperature for storage: around 17 degrees centigrade.
- Ideal relative humidity: less than 50%.
- Do not store them near other food items. Chocolates may absorb the aroma of other food items.
- Keep the chocolates properly wrapped.
Advantages and Dis-advantages of Eating Chocolates
- Gives pleasure.
- Dark chocolate is good for circulatory system.
- Brain stimulator.
- Cough preventer.
- Anti diarrhea.
- Taken in large quantity, results in obesity.
- It may be addictive.
- Possibility of mild lead poisoning.